The treatment of piles depends on the severity and the type of symptoms affecting the patient. Simple preventive measures include having a balanced diet and adequate water intake to allow regular bowel movement without straining. If this doesn't help, other treatments available include:
Piles that are not prolapsed can be ligated or injected. These are simple procedures that can be done in an outpatient clinic and do not require hospitalisation. But these procedures may not be extremely effective, and may require more than one treatment.
More definitive measures are needed for severe cases, such as when clots repeatedly form in external haemorrhoids, or Iigation fails to treat internal haemorrhoids, or when a protruding haemorrhoid cannot be reduced, or when there is persistent bleeding. Surgical techniques under general anaesthesia include:
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