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Osteoporosis - Causes and Risk Factors

Most of the time, osteoporosis occurs in women after menopause. Estrogen, otherwise known as female hormone, normally helps to maintain bone mass. After menopause, estrogen levels in the body fall.

Some other medical problems can also cause osteoporosis, such as:
  • Long-standing diseases of the digestive tract, liver, kidneys, lungs, nervous system, immune system and other organs
  • Certain hormonal disorders
  • Cancers
  • Malnutrition 
In addition, a number of medications may contribute to osteoporosis and low bone mass. These include steroids and some medications for epilepsy, among several others.

Some risk factors for osteoporosis cannot be changed. These include female gender, older age, having a thin build and a family history of osteoporosis. 

Some risk factors for osteoporosis can be altered by changing your lifestyle. These risk factors include:
  • A diet low in calcium and vitamin D
  • Excessive dieting
  • An inactive lifestyle
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Smoking

Osteoporosis - Preparing for surgery

Osteoporosis - Post-surgery care

Osteoporosis - Other Information

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