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Urinary Stones - Treatments

The choice of treatment would depend on the size and type of urinary stone. Most urinary stones, if of small size, do not require treatment and may pass out in the urine eventually. Oral analgesics may be prescribed for pain management during passage of the stones. If treatment is required, the options include:


Medication is prescribed to help ‘dissolve’ the urinary stones. This can only be used for specific types of urinary stones.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

This is a non-invasive procedure where shock waves are sent into the body to break the urinary stones into fragments. The fragments will pass out in the urine over the next few days.

Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy (PCNL)

This is a minimally invasive surgery where a small hole is made in the body to allow a scope to pass into the kidney. The urinary stone is broken up and removed through this tract.

Uretero-Renoscopy (URS)

This involves surgery where a small scope is passed through the urethra and bladder into the ureters and kidneys. The urinary stone is then broken up and removed.

Urinary Stones - Preparing for surgery

Urinary Stones - Post-surgery care

Urinary Stones - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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