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Pelvic Organ Prolapse - Causes and Risk Factors

Causes of Pelvic Organ Prolapse

  • Age. With increasing age, fascial tissues become stiffer and more liable to rupture and damage.
  • Pregnancy and childbirth. During pregnancy, the fascia becomes more elastic and the pelvic floor may be damaged during childbirth.
  • Hormonal factors. The effects of ageing and oestrogen withdrawal at menopause cause the fascia to be less elastic and more easily damaged.
  • Smoking. Chronic chest disease resulting in a chronic cough leads to an increase in the intraabdominal pressure and exposes the pelvic floor to greater strain.
  • Constipation. Repetitive straining causes chronically increased intraabdominal pressure.
  • Obesity. This also causes increased intra-abdominal pressure.
  • Exercise. Frequent heavy lifting and exercises such as weightlifting, high-impact aerobics and longdistance running also increase the risk of urogenital prolapse.

Pelvic Organ Prolapse - Preparing for surgery

Pelvic Organ Prolapse - Post-surgery care

Pelvic Organ Prolapse - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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