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Peripheral Arterial Disease

Peripheral Arterial Disease: Symptoms, Causes and Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatments | National Heart Centre Singapore

Peripheral Arterial Disease - How to prevent?

Peripheral Arterial Disease - Causes and Risk Factors

Causes

PAD develops when arteries in the legs become clogged with plaque – such as fatty deposits and cholesterol – that limits or completely blocks blood flow in the legs. This causes muscle pains in the calves, thighs, and buttocks.

Like atherosclerosis, PAD is caused by the accumulation of fatty deposits — called plaque — in the arteries. Having blocked arteries can prevent oxygen-rich blood from reaching the muscles when the muscles need it most. This lack of oxygen causes the pain. PAD can increase your risk of heart attack and stroke. But the good news is that PAD can be easy to diagnose and is treatable.

With pain limiting their movements, the patients move gradually from an active lifestyle to a sedentary one. This results in immobility and a shorter life expectancy due to the increased risk of high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke.

Risk factors
The risk factors for PAD include hypertension, high cholesterol, and diabetes – all of which are common illnesses in our population. One-third of diabetics over the age of 50 develop the disease. 

Another high-risk activity, such as smoking, brings on the disease much sooner. So PAD patients, who otherwise would be in their late 70s or 80s, could start to feel symptoms as early as their 50s or 60s.

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Peripheral Arterial Disease - Post-surgery care

Peripheral Arterial Disease - Other Information

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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