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Turner Syndrome

Turner Syndrome - How to prevent?

Turner Syndrome - Treatments

Can TS be cured?

While it is not possible to cure TS, much can be done to make sure your child has the best possible outcome.

How is TS managed?

The multidisciplinary medical team looking after your child will be able to address specific medical concerns and routine TS-related healthcare issues.

Treatment for those with TS should be individualised. Doctors, families and patients should decide on treatment options together.

Ongoing evaluation of the heart, liver, thyroid and hearing is needed from birth and throughout adult life.

Growth hormone therapy

Growth hormone (GH) therapy is recommended for short stature to optimise final height potential.

GH can be started at 4-5 years of age, and involves an injection given daily via the subcutaneous route. GH therapy is generally continued until a child reaches her final height.

Hormone replacement therapy

For girls with pubertal failure, puberty can be initiated with the use of oestrogen replacement therapy. Oestrogen therapy is also important for the prevention of osteoporosis.

Oestrogen can be given in the form of a tablet, skin patch or injection. Progesterone is added after oestrogen to help to produce withdrawal bleeds (like periods). Once hormone treatment has begun, it is usually continued throughout life.

Below are some related medical issues and how they can be managed:

Medical issue Treatment
HypertensionRegular blood pressure monitoring
Learning difficultiesEarly intervention therapies
InfertilityWhile a small number of women with TS will be able to get pregnant naturally, the vast majority will be infertile. Assisted conception using various forms of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) may be successful.
LymphoedemaPhysiotherapy and support stockings

The social and psychological impact of TS cannot be underestimated and should be a priority in the care of any girl or woman with the condition. It is highly beneficial for them to connect with others who share similar experiences and concerns.

Turner Syndrome - Preparing for surgery

Turner Syndrome - Post-surgery care

The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth