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Raltegravir

Drug Class: Commonly Known As: Category:
Antiretroviral Agent Isentress Adult

Raltegravir - What is it for

Raltegravir is an anti-retroviral agent that blocks the construction or replication of viruses. It is used to decrease the amount of viruses (viral load) in the body as low as possible, for as long as possible.

When should I take the medicine?

Raltegravir is usually taken two times a day, in combination with other anti-retroviral agents, to achieve a significant decrease in viral load.

Raltegravir - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Raltegravir cause?

Raltegravir may cause the following side effects:

  • Headache. You may take painkillers e.g. paracetamol for mild headaches.
  • Nausea and vomiting. You may take Raltegravir with or after meals to minimize stomach upset.
  • Loose stools (diarrhoea)
  • Insomnia (difficulty sleeping)
  • Fatigue (feeling tired)

Inform your doctor if the side effects above become severe and bothersome.

Report to your doctor immediately if you experience any of the following:

  • Signs of infection such as fever, cough, sore throat or generally feeling unwell
  • Yellowing of the skin or eyes and dark-coloured urine
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained muscle pain

Stop the medication immediately and seek medical attention if you experience any severe allergic reactions like skin rash (with or without blisters, mouth ulcers, fever and itching), swelling of the eyes and lips or difficulty breathing.

Other precautions:

Some medication may reduce its efficacy, or increase its toxicity. Do not take any other medications or herbal products without first consulting your doctor or pharmacist, because some medications may reduce the efficacy or increase the side effects of Raltegravir.

Before taking Raltegravir, what precautions must I follow?

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Raltegravir?

Raltegravir - Dosage and How to Use

How should Raltegravir be used?

Raltegravir may be administered with or without food.

What should I do if I miss a dose?

Missing doses may make Raltegravir less effective and may also make the virus resistant to Raltegravir. This could make the virus harder to treat.

If you forgot to take the medication, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If you remember a missed dose at the time of your next dose, omit the missed dose and take only your regularly scheduled dose. Do not take a double dose to make up for the missed one.

What should I do if I overdose?

Raltegravir - Handling and Storage

How should I handle Raltegravir safely?

How should I store Raltegravir?

Keep away from children;#Keep in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight;#Store at room temperature;#

How should I dispose of Raltegravir safely?

Raltegravir - Additional Information

  • Updated on Wednesday, October 4, 2017
  • Article contributed by Pharmacy Department KK Women's and Children's Hospital

    The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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