Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a common anxiety disorder that involves uncontrollable worrying, nervousness and tension. People with GAD worry about everyday life events with no apparent reason for concern. The worry is often unrealistic or out of proportion. It interferes with the daily functioning of a person’s life and may also affect their relationships.
Symptoms related to feelings:
The information on Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is also available for download in pdf format.
Individuals who have a family history of anxiety / mood disorders are more likely to develop GAD.
Particularly stressful life incidents such as an accident or the sudden death of a close family member or friend.
Individuals who have gone through a traumatic life experience such as physical, emotional sexual abuse may also develop GAD.
Some changes in the brain functioning due to the chemical called neurotransmitters, that transmit information from one cell to another have also been linked to GAD.
Excessive use of caffeine, alcohol, tobacco smoking have been established as a risk factor for developing anxiety disorders.
GAD can be effectively managed with:
GAD can often be well managed by various therapies such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT).
CBT has been proven to be effective in treating GAD. It teaches individuals to recognise their thoughts and ways to change their behavior in situations that trigger anxiety.
Practising relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation and meditation can be very useful to calm the mind and body.
Regular practice of these techniques can help to significantly bring down stress levels and assist the individual to be more mindful of his / her bodily sensations when faced with situations that cause anxiety.
Your doctor may prescribe medication to treat generalized anxiety disorder in cases where the anxiety is interfering with the daily functioning and well-being. Discuss any concerns with your doctor, so you can collaboratively work out the best treatment plan for your situation.
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