Although UTI can be easily treated with antibiotics, the prevention of UTIs or the avoidance of further infection is more important.
As the source of the bacteria comes from one's own bowel, it is important to wipe yourself from front to back in order to avoid faecal contamination of the urinary tract (especially during an episode of diarrhoea) after going to the toilet.
Potential irritating vaginal deodorants and bubble baths should be avoided and a high standard of personal hygiene should be maintained at all times.
This involves washing the genital area with water during bath and especially after intercourse (as intercourse is a common predisposing factor for UTI). Voiding soon after intercourse is also encouraged.
Any vaginal / lower genital tract infection should be treated, otherwise the infection may spread to the urinary tract.
In order to prevent recurrent UTI, a minimum fluid intake of 2 litres a day is recommended (more if exercising strenuously or on hot days). Oral fluids should be increased to 3 litres or more a day if symptoms of UTI are suspected, irrespective of the degree of frequency of urine. Regular and complete bladder emptying is advisable to prevent the accumulation of infected urine in the bladder.
As UTI is a common occurrence in women, one should be aware of the symptoms of UTI. Early recognition and appropriate treatment is necessary to prevent complications.
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