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Congratulations on your pregnancy! This is an exciting time for you and your family. You might be feeling happy, excited, and even a little anxious about being pregnant, especially if this is your first pregnancy. Do not fear because we are all here to help you along this wonderful journey. Along this 9-month journey, we will be giving you tips and information on what to expect or know during your pregnancy.

Just like the preconception journey, we have a personalised plan for you that covers 4 important areas - Screening, Size, Supplements and Symptoms (4S). You will be able to find information for each of the trimesters you will be going through.


First Trimester

Second Trimester

Third Trimester

Knowing the position of your baby and placenta is important because it will determine how you will most likely deliver your baby (i.e. normal vaginal delivery vs. caesarean section).

If your baby has not yet turned upside down (i.e. baby remains in breech position), your doctor may offer to manually turn your baby upside down within your womb, in order for you to deliver your baby normally through your vagina.


How much weight gain is considered healthy weight gain during your pregnancy? This depends on your pre-pregnancy BMI level:

During the first trimester, it is common for mothers to lose weight due to poor appetite, nausea, and vomiting (as known as morning sickness). Once the morning sickness settles, you will start to gain weight.

To make sure that you don’t put on too much weight during your pregnancy, we will be tracking your weight during your pregnancy and provide you with reminders on healthy eating and active lifestyle. It is important to ensure that you have a good control over your weight as this can affect both you and your baby’s health. In mothers who put on too much weight, they are at risk of developing high blood pressure and gestational diabetes (see Second Trimester). Babies of these mothers also tend to grow larger than average, which may lead to a difficult delivery or the need to go through a caesarean section.

On the flip side, if you’re losing weight or gain too little weight throughout the pregnancy, it can increase your baby’s risk of being born too small, needing a longer hospital stay, or having low blood sugar level.


Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that are important for you and your baby’s growth and development. There are a few key micronutrients that you should try to optimise from your diet:

a. Make sure that you are taking enough green leafy vegetables such as spinach as well as citrus fruits to ensure that you have enough folate in your diet. Folate (or folic acid) is important during the initial development of your baby’s nervous system, which usually happens during the first few weeks of his/her development.

a. Calcium helps to build, maintain and strengthen bones. If a pregnant mother does not have enough calcium within her, the developing baby may start to pull calcium from the mother’s bones. This can increase her risk of osteoporosis in her later life. Women should have at least 1000 mg of calcium intake each day. Have 2 glasses of low fat high calcium milk (~500 mg/250ml) to meet your daily calcium requirement. Vitamin D helps the body to better absorb the ingested calcium. Low sun exposure and sedentary lifestyle increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency.

a. DHA, one of the omega-3 fatty acids, is important for your baby’s brain and eye development during the pregnancy. It is mainly found in cold water deep-sea fish.

b. Owing to the mercury content concern, avoid shark, swordfish, king mackerel (known as “batang fish” locally) and tilefish (also called white snapper); and limit canned white tuna made from albacore tuna to one serving a week (1 serving = 1 palm size).

c. You can have 2 servings a week of salmon, sardines, herring, halibut or canned light tuna (e.g. skipjack, bigeye and yellowfin).

a. Pregnant women have increased needs for iron due to the increase in blood volume and additional needs of the unborn baby.

b. There are 2 forms of iron in foods — heme and non-heme. Heme iron is better absorbed by the body than non-heme iron. Sources of heme iron include red meat, chicken and fish. Sources of non-heme iron include grains, green leafy vegetables, legumes and nuts.

c. To boost iron absorption, consume vitamin C-rich foods (i.e. fresh fruits and vegetables) at the same meal or take it together with iron tablets. Avoid from taking meals/iron tablets with tea, coffee and milk which will reduce iron absorption.

d. Dark stools are normal when taking iron tablets.


Read about the Dos and Don’ts in pregnancy here.

Below is a list of information for more symptoms that you may experience during your pregnancy as well as some home-remedies that can be done. We have highlighted some of the dangerous (red-flag) symptoms that should prompt you to see your doctor immediately.

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

Late Pregnancy Symptoms